- CATAPHORE keeps the asphaltenes in suspension
- CATAPHORE inhibits and eliminates sludge and water in the fuel oil storage system
- CATAPHORE prevents future sludge formation and keeps the fuel oil system clean
- CATAPHORE improves combustion results
- CATAPH0RE promotes equipment performance by reducing substantially vanadium and sodium deposits
- CATAPHORE is ecoligically efficient in reducing pollutant emissions
CATAPHORE keeps the asphaltenes in suspension
As users are experiencing, TODAY'S RESIDUAL FUEL OIL CONTAINS a greater deal of SOLIDS IN SUSPENSION. Many solids, such as ASPHALTENES, TEND TO AGGLOMERATE forming large particles THAT PRECIPITATE AND DEPOSIT at the bottom of reservoir to form sludge or hindering proper atomization with results of poor combustion, carbon, smut and soot.
CATAPHORE FORMS A FILM OR COATING UPON THE PARTICLES which prevents them from joining or contacting other particles. THUS, THE PROTECTIVE BARRIER, created by CATAPHORE's homogeneous action, PREVENTS COAGULATION OR AGGLOMERATION and produces a stabilization of the particle size. The smaller particles are more easily dispersed and less subject to settling. As they pass completely through strainers, they are easily burned, improving combustion results.
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CATAPHORE inhibits and eliminates sludge and water in the fuel oil
All bunker fuels contain insoluble solids in suspension that have a tendency to coalesce and precipitate. Moreover, both light and heavy fuel oil are subject to oxidation, producing solids that have, again, a tendency to deposit at the bottom of reservoir. Sludge, in fact, consists of those insoluble organic compounds, carbon particles, various polymerized and organic compounds and sediments, all of which are present in today's residual blending. Combustion is adversely affected because the burner is trying to handle two types of material at the same time : the liquid oil and the solid insoluble substances. BY REDUCING THE INTERFACIAL TENSION of the oil across the burner tips, and dissolving solids, resulting in as much as a seven-fold improvement in atomization, CATAPHORE triggers better firing conditions. Moreover, CATAPHORE also rapidly eliminates sludge formation.
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CATAPHORE prevents future sludge formation and keeps the fuel
oil system clean
Symptoms of sludge accumulation in the distribution system include loss of fuel flow or fuel pressure, unsteady flame and the need for excessive preheating of fuel oil for proper atomization. CATAPHORE COATS ALL SURFACES WITH A MONOLAYER OF SURFACTANT, such as the inside walls of reservoir, the interior of tubing, the strainers and nozzles. ANTI-SCREEN CLOGGING TEST, ran according to Socony Mobil Analytical Method 530-64, HAS PROVED THAT CATAPHORE DISPERSES MORE THAN 90% OF SLUDGE DEPOSITS, illustrating therefore CATAPHORE'S EXCELLENT DISPERSANT QUALITIES.
Cleaner storage tank, strainers and injectors, cleaner engine means better control over labour and maintenance costs. Total savings, resulting from reduction of fuel consumption and reduction of labour and maintenance costs, may range from 8 to 10% on annual bill. By improving the compatibility between residual and light oil in today's blending and dissolving solids, CATAPHORE PREVENTS THE ENTIRE EQUIPMENT FROM COAGULATED SLUDGE.
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CATAPHORE improves combustion results
By producing an unrestricted liquid flow, CATAPHORE enables the fuel oil to be better atomized and burned. Thus, the system is clean, the correct atomization is obtained and good combustion results. The net result is a smoother operation.
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CATAPH0RE promotes equipment performance by reducing substantially vanadium and sodium deposits
CATAPHORE REDUCES VANADIUM AND SODIUM DEPOSITS. IT ALSO LIMITS EXTENSIVELY CORROSION EFFECTS AND FOULING IN POST-COMBUSTION AREAS.
CATAPHORE DISSOLVES SOLIDS in residual and diesel fuel oil making it more homogeneous, Thus REDUCING DEPOSITS. Updated statistics show that CATAPHORE REDUCES MORE THAN 90% of VANADIUM ACCUMULATIONS, extending therefore equipment performance and overall life of the system.
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CATAPHORE is ecoligically efficient in reducing pollutant emissions
Better combustion means elimination of much of the soot and smoke. Reduction of vanadium deposits slows down formation of SO3
which when in contact with water produces corrosive H2
The additional following benefits can be obtained by the use of CATAPHORE :
- Lower pre-heating temperature needed
- Injectors, pistons and rings free of carbon deposits
- Easier fuel oil pumpability
- Reduction of soot and carbon emissions